2019年9月9日 星期一

Lost Treasures of the Maya 馬雅失落寶藏

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Lost Treasures of the Maya  馬雅失落寶藏
by Lauren McCarthy


  The Maya civilization was once one of Mesoamerica's most advanced cultures. They excelled in architecture, mathematics, and astronomy. The end of their Classic period in 950 CE marked the beginning of the slow collapse of the civilization. The cause for the decline is still unknown, though some theories include war, climate change, and overpopulation. In the 1500s, the last remaining Maya cities were conquered by Spanish forces. Over time, the remnants of this civilization were swallowed up by the jungle. Today, those remains are being rediscovered, a journey you can witness in Lost Treasures of the Maya.
  Featuring a team led by National Geographic Explorer Albert Lin, this four-part documentary explores a past that has been hidden for hundreds of years. Thanks to new laser imaging technology, archaeologists have uncovered more than 60,000 Maya structures buried deep in the jungles of Central America. Dropped into the Guatemalan wilderness, Lin heads off in search of information related to the Snake Kings, a Maya dynasty that lived roughly 1,500 years ago.
  The Snake Kings, also known as the Kaanul rulers, were the heads of one of the most powerful kingdoms in the Maya civilization. As archaeologists have unearthed more Maya artifacts, they have discovered new information about this ancient ruling dynasty. Lin treks to a sacred altar with inscriptions that reveal when the Snake Kings first took command of the city of La Corona and how they expanded their empire. Following the newly created map of ancient Maya cities and villages, Lin travels to numerous pyramids where ceremonial and religious artifacts found in underground caves help explain the story of these one-time rulers. With National Geographic's Lost Treasures of the Maya, you can venture along in this quest for long-lost answers about a piece of Maya history.

Mesoamerica n. 中部美洲
 Central America  中美洲
architecture n. 建築(學)
astronomy n. 天文學
astronomer n. 天文學家
overpopulation n. 人口過剩
remnant n. 殘骸;遺跡(常用複數)
documentary n. 紀錄片
laser n. 雷射
archaeologist n. 考古學家
wilderness n. 荒野,野地
dynasty n. 王朝,朝代
artifact n. 文物,工藝品
altar n. 祭壇
inscription n. 碑文,銘文
pyramid n. 金字塔

1. collapse n. & vi. 瓦解;坍塌;倒下
• I wonder what caused the collapse of Amy's marriage.
• After weeks of hard work, the worker collapsed with exhaustion.

2. decline n. & vi. 衰落;下降
be on the decline  不斷下降/衰退
• Sales of DVDs have been on the decline since the creation of on-demand streaming.
DVD 的銷量自隨選影音串流發明後便不斷下跌。
• The candidate's popularity declined in the latest poll.

3. conquer vt. 征服,克服
• The best way to conquer your fears is to face them.

4. remains n. 殘骸/遺跡(恆用複數)
• Those remains are the most famous tourist attraction in the country.

5. witness vt. 親眼看見,目擊;見證
• Gina had to appear in court because she witnessed a crime.
• The 20th century witnessed the evolution of computer technology.

6. trek vi. 跋涉,徒步長途行走
• After trekking through the wilderness of New Zealand, Larry returned to his life in the concrete jungle.

7. sacred a. 神聖的,受崇敬的
• Churches, temples, and mosques are all considered sacred.

8. expand vt. 擴大,拓展
expansion n. 擴張,拓展
• We've expanded our business by opening two more restaurants.

9. numerous a. 許多的,很多的
• I thought of numerous ways to solve the problem, but none of them would actually work.

10. ceremonial a. 儀式的
ceremonially adv. 按照儀式地,禮法上地
• The ambassador received the guests in a ceremonial way.
• The bride was veiled at first and then her face was ceremonially revealed.

11. venture vi. 冒險
• This cave is dark. Do you think we should venture in?

12. quest [ kwEst ] n. 探索,尋覓
in one's quest for...  
• These scientists worked day and night in their quest for a cure for the disease.

1. excel in / at...  
= be very good at...
• Mozart excelled in music at a very young age.

2. swallow up... / swallow... up  吞沒/吞入……
swallow vt. 吞下,嚥下
• The little boy was swallowed up in the crowd and his mother couldn't find him.

3. thanks to...  多虧/由於……
• Thanks to Albert's help, I was able to finish the work on time.

4. head off  出發
• What time are you heading off?

5. in search of...  尋找……
• The eagle soared over the field in search of prey.

6. take command of...  掌控/控制……
• Are you brave enough to take command of your own life and change your destiny?

uncover vt. 發現;揭露
• The journalist uncovered the actor's big secret.
unearth vt. 挖掘;發現
• The objective of Dr. Lee and his team was to unearth the tomb of King Tutankhamun.
字首 un- 表「不、無、未」,以下介紹此類字首的常見單字:
a. undo vt. 解開;使恢復原狀;取消
三態為:undo, undid, undone。
• I undid the bag and took out the books.
• Cara tried to undo the mistakes of her past, but found out that it was too late.
b. unfasten vt. 解開,鬆開
• My mother can't unfasten this button.
c. unfold vt. 打開,攤開 & vi. 展開
• Jay watched his girlfriend's expression as she unfolded the letter.
• As the story unfolded, I discovered that the man was actually a spy.
d. unlock vt. 開鎖;揭開
• Alison unlocked the jewelry box with a key.
• The experiment was conducted to unlock the secrets of the aging process.
e. unveil vt. 揭幕,揭開……的面紗
• Michael Jordan unveiled a magnificent statue of himself.
f. unravel vt.(把布、結或線團)拆開;闡明,弄清
• I realized I'd knitted it too small, so I unraveled one of the sleeves.
• Scientists have long been trying to unravel the secrets to longevity.


  馬雅文明曾是中部美洲最進步的文化之一。它們在建築學、數學和天文學領域都出類拔萃。公元 950 年古典時期的結束標誌著該文明緩慢瓦解的開始。儘管有一些包括戰爭、氣候變遷和人口過剩的理論,但導致衰落的原因仍然未知。在十六世紀,僅存的馬雅城市被西班牙軍隊征服。隨著時間的推移,這個文明的殘骸被叢林吞沒。如今,那些殘骸被重新發現,你可以在《馬雅失落寶藏》中看到這個過程。

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